This course provides a comprehensive review of common pulmonary diseases including Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Asthma, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Emboli, Pleural Effusions, Cough, Hypoxemia, Oxygen Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve, Sleep Apnea and Lung Cancer. The course also reviews the use and interpretation of pulmonary diagnostic testing and procedures including Chest X-Ray Pulmonary Function Tests, CT Scan of the Chest, and Mechanical Ventilation.
COPD is a common, preventable, and treatable disease characterized by progressive persistent airflow limitation. COPD is clearly a cause of morbidity and mortality and results in an ever-increasing economic and social burden.
Patients with asthma should gain knowledge, skills, and confidence to assume the major role in the day-to-day management of their disease. This activity will highlight specific patient education and health literacy tools, including the personalized asthma action plan, written in language that the patient can read and understand.
The clinical practice of medicine involves a continual balance of evidence-based information applied to clinically complex scenarios amongst the human factors of fears, preferences, results, and economics. This continuing education module focuses on the clinicians’ skills, resources, tools and approaches for more optimal choice, use, and thus better outcomes, involving inhaled medications.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death and 12th leading cause of morbidity in the United States. This activity will address the use of spirometry for diagnosis and treatment of COPD, explore the benefits of exercise and pulmonary rehabilitation, and identify treatment options for optimal patient outcomes.
Asthma is a chronic disease associated with inflammation in the airways. The inflammation is strongly linked with airway hyperresponsiveness and the typical asthma symptoms. Understanding the full spectrum of the pathology and the pathogenesis of asthma should be used for defining the treatment options.
Focusing on the Patient: Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. Asthma is an inflammatory disorder of the airways and is defined by many clinical, physiological, and pathological characteristics. The pattern of inflammation is strongly associated with airway hyperresponsiveness and asthma symptoms. In addition to the inflammatory response, characteristic structural changes (“airway remodelling”) occur in the airways of patients with asthma. There are an estimated 300 million individuals with asthma worldwide. The global prevalence ranges from 1% to 8%. This activity will examine asthma risk impairment, risk factors, and treatment strategies including assessing for patient adherence to treatment for optimal outcomes.
Asthma Management: Recent Insights and Updates. Asthma, characterized by reversible airflow obstruction, has afflicted people since ancient times. Described by Galen in the second century as epilepsy of the lungs, an array of famous people have suffered from asthma—from Ludwig von Beethoven to Billy Joel, from the ancient Roman philosopher and politician, Seneca to President Bill Clinton, and from baseball pitcher, Jim “Catfish” Hunter to Olympic medalist, Jackie Joyner-Kersee. [1,2] Today, it is estimated that asthma affects 300 million individuals worldwide. In the US, its prevalence has increased dramatically in the last decade and now affects more than 25 million. Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children under 5 years old, and is the leading cause of morbidity reflected in absence from daycare,
New Clinicial Practice Guideline for Treating Acute Sinus Infections. The IDSA has released a clinical practice guideline on the management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults. Nearly one in seven people are diagnosed with a sinus infection each year. Although sinus infections are the fifth leading reason for antibiotic prescriptions, 90% to 98% of cases are caused by viruses, which are not affected by antibiotics.
“Quitting smoking is easy. I’ve done it a thousand times”—Mark Twain. At this time of year, many of your patients are likely to make a resolution to stop smoking. But like all good intentions that go awry, patients may need your support and encouragement to help them through the physiologic and psychological barriers they face in quitting. Many of them are also likely to ask you about the latest trend in smoking cessation aids—electronic cigarettes.
News About Smoking and Tobacco Products. Current cigarette smokers have a higher risk of bladder cancer than previously reported, and the risk for women is now comparable with that of men, according to a scientific study from the National Cancer Institute.
Updated Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of COPD. The American College of Physicians has developed new guidelines for the diagnosis and management of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), intended for all clinicians who manage patients with COPD.